Working memory is the ability to keep information in your mind for a short time, focus on a task, and remember what to do next. It is a critical function closely related to the attention necessary for a wide range of cognitive (brain) tasks.
Children have attention problems. When things get hard, they zone out. Often they simply can’t pay attention no matter what’s going on. Parents of these children wonder if they have ADD or AD/HD. Or if they will grow out of the problem. The truth is that most children with an attention problem also have a working memory deficit.
Millions of adults also struggle with attention problems. This may be the result of a working memory that was poorly developed in childhood and not strengthened during the early years of adulthood. Or it could be the result of a brain injury or simply part of the aging process.